Citrus Tree List, Spring 2019

Overview

All of our citrus is grafted onto Carrizo rootstock unless otherwise noted. Read more about rootstocks in our Fruit Tree List

  • Citron

  • Clementine

  • Grapefruit

  • Kumquat

  • Lemon

  • Lime

  • Mandarin

  • Orange

  • Pummelo

  • Satsuma

  • Tangelo

  • Tangerine

  • Ujukitsu


Rootstocks

Carrizo

Trifoliate & Washington Navel cross. Cold-tolerant, but not as tolerant as Trifoliate & Flying Dragon. Faster growing with higher yields & larger fruit than the others. Needs good drainage & protection from hard freezes.

Trifoliate

Most cold-tolerant rootstock available (but protect young trees until established). Adapted to heavy clay soils with poor drainage. Resistant to root rot & many soil diseases. Semi-dwarfing.

Flying Dragon

Dwarfing form of Trifoliate. Trees grafted onto this average 6–8' tall & are very slow-growing. Great for containers & smaller gardens. Very cold hardy, once established.


Quarantine due to Citrus Greening

Due to isolated confirmed cases of Citrus greening in the tri-county area of Fort Bend, Harris, & Montgomery counties, the transport of citrus out of this tri-county area is prohibited by law.

Citrus greening is considered to be the most destructive disease of citrus and has recently invaded the Americas from Asia & Africa. It is caused by a bacterium which is transmitted by insects called psyllids. There is no cure for greening & the lengthy latent period after infection makes eradication almost impossible.

For additional information, please go to:

www.texascitrusgreening.org

www.citrusalert.com



 

Varieties

(Subject to availability)

Citron

Buddha Hand

A Buddha's hand is a multi-fingered citron that, unlike a lemon or orange, is juice-free and primarily peel and spongy pith. Excellent conversation piece and great for zesting. A swipe of the microplane or grater releases its bright, potent perfume, and the resultant zest brings extra flavor to vegetable stir-fry, vinegar, baked goods, and even mixed drinks.

Clementine

Algerian Tangerine

Medium-sized, easy-peel fruit with deep orange flesh that is juicy and very sweet with few to no seeds. Highly ornamental reddish-orange rind when ripe. Season is early but long, extending into the summer. Medium-sized, nearly thornless tree.

Nules

Juicy, deep orange flesh has the sweetest taste of all easy-peel clementines. Produces heavy yields of small to medium-size fruit with few to no seeds and thinner rind than others. Ripens to red-orange Nov–May. Stores well if kept cool and dry. Dwarf (6–8'T), thornless tree is perfect for containers or landscape.

Grapefruit

Bloomsweet (aka Kinkoji)

Juicy and sweet white flesh with the unique flavor of grapefruit and orange. Large fruit are easy to peel and segment. Ripens throughout December; holds well on tree for extended harvest. Refrigerated fruit can last for months. Most cold-hardy grapefruit (survived 14.5°F in GA without leaf damage). Can reach 20–30'T x 15' spread.

Cocktail

Thin, deep yellow peel with a segmented, fragrant and seedy yellow flesh. Has a bright tangerine flavor with a refreshing grapefruit finish but no acid bite. Considered a premium grapefruit for juicing. A cross between a mandarin and a pummelo with a smidgen of orange. Ripens Nov–Feb.

Rio Red

Best of all the red grapefruits. Oblong fruit with exceptional juice content, sweet red flesh, and very few seeds. Later maturing than other "red" grapefruits. Large, fairly cold hardy tree that produces at an early age.

Ruby Red

Discovered in TX. Heavy bearer of red-fleshed, seedless fruit with thin skin and an excellent, sweet flavor. Ripens to bright yellow. Fast growing tree. Hardy to the upper 20's. Also may be available on Flying Dragon dwarfing rootstock.

Kumquat

Eat the whole fruit-rind and all. One of the most cold hardy citrus (to at least 17ºF)

Changshou

Very large kumquat (about twice the size of Meiwa) with fewer seeds and more juice; candy-sweet rind with deliciously acidic flesh; small tree averages 10'T with spreading form; thornless; not quite as cold hardy as Meiwa (grow in containers north of Houston). On Trifoliate rootstock.

Meiwa (sweet)

The most popular kumquat for eating straight from the tree. Fruit is large, round, very sweet, and relatively juicy with very few seeds (sometimes available in a seedless variety); ripe when bright orange in late Nov but is best in Feb; grows to about 8'T x 6' spread; very attractive small tree. On Trifoliate rootstock

Nagami (sour)

Small fruit about the size and shape of a large olive. Edible sweet skin and sour flesh with 5–6 seeds per fruit. Use for preserves, marmalade, juicing, garnish, or slice thin in salads. Ripens late winter to early spring. On Trifoliate rootstock.

Lemon

Eureka Frost

A cross between a cold hardy tangerine and a lemon. Produces edible round yellow fruit with pale yellow flesh. Has a tart lemon flavor. Creamy white, fragrant flowers bloom in spring against green foliage. Grows 6 to 9 feet tall.

Improved Meyer

Considered the world's gourmet lemon. Heavy producer of large, super juicy, sweeter than usual lemons (it's a lemon-mandarin cross). Flowers in spring with fruit ripening from fall to winter (early fruit is more sour). May produce two crops per year if in a protected area. Tree grows to about 10'T x 8–10' spread. Most cold hardy lemon tolerating temps in the low to mid-20's. Also available on Flying Dragon dwarfing rootstock. Also available on 2-n-1 and 3-n-1 multi-graft trees.

Lisbon Seedless

Juicy, medium to large fruit has pale greenish-yellow, seedless flesh with true, tart lemon flavor. Ripens late Sept to early Oct and holds well on the tree.

New Zealand Lemonade

Parentage unknown but may be an orange Meyer Lemon or mandarin-sweet lemon cross. Sweet, juicy fruit looks like a lemon but the juice tastes like lemonade. Easy to peel and segment. Ripe when light green in color. Delicious fresh or used for juice or marmalade. Tree is approx 10' tall at maturity.

Ponderosa

A citrus hybrid of a lemon and a citron. This ornamental novelty bears huge lemons with thick, coarse skin and a mild lemony flavor that makes them ideal for eating raw, cooking with them, making desserts, and juicing. These trees bear at an early age with heavy crops.

Lime

Australian Finger

Also known as 'citrus caviar', this is a rare gourmet lime that hails from Australia. The Finger Lime is a unique citrus specimen that produces tons of cucumber-shaped fruit that hang in large numbers. Can tolerate afternoon shade. Will mature into a small shrubby bush.

Kaffir

Grown mainly for its leaves which are an important flavoring in Asian and Middle Eastern cooking (used like bay leaves). Bumpy, green fruit matures to yellow and is mostly ornamental (although sometimes used for zest). Small tree does well in containers and can be kept pruned and shaped. Hardy to approx 30ºF.

Key (aka Mexican Thornless)

A beautiful, small, very productive, everbearing tree of excellent quality fruit that can be used to make great pies, limeade, etc. Fruit has a thin skin, pale yellow flesh, strong lemon-lime aroma, and a sharp clean sour taste. Bears year round. Makes a very attractive container plant. Not cold-tolerant.

Palestinian Sweet

A roundish, medium-sized fruit that turns from light yellow to yellow-orange as it ripens. The rind oil has a very distinctive aroma. The straw yellow flesh is very juicy, with very little citric acid and few seeds. The zest and juice can be used to flavor baked goods while the rinds make excellent candied fruit. To approx 7' tall.

Persian/Bearrs

Compact, medium-sized tree with larger leaves than the Mexican or Key lime. Tree has very few, small thorns. Small fruit, with a thin dark green skin gradually turning light green then yellow when fully ripe. Fruit is somewhat larger than the Mexican or Key lime. Very aromatic, juicy and acidic with few to no seeds. Ripens mid-September to early October. Also may be available on Flying Dragon dwarfing rootstock. Also available on 3-n-1 multi-graft tree.

Mandarin

Encore

A small citrus variety; one of the latest mandarins to ripen. The fruit grow in groups of two or three, rather than large clusters. They have a thin, smooth rind that's easy to peel, with a yellow-orange color that is deeper at the blossom end. Fruit is sweetest August–October.

Honey

This variety is reported to have the best flavor and aroma of all mandarins, tasting like 'spiced honey'. The tree is small and upright with a dark willowy leaf, and the juicy, sweet fruit ripens January through April.

Kinnow

This variety has an attractive, upright growth habit with dense, willow-like foliage. The fruit is spring-ripening and is sweet, juicy, and has some seeds.

Kishu Seedless

Small fruit (1–2") with a thin, bright orange, easy-peel rind, few to no seeds, and super sweet flesh. Begins to ripen in October but holds well on the tree until mid- to late January for extended harvest. Dwarf, rounded tree up to 8' tall; good for containers. Protect from temps below the mid-20s.

Page

Known as one of the best mandarins for juice. Medium-sized, easy peel fruit turns reddish-orange at maturity. Deep orange, juicy flesh has a rich, sweet flavor. Will have some seeds. Ripens around Nov–Jan. Nearly thornless tree.

Orange

Cara Cara (Pink Navel)

Navel orange with deep orange skin and reddish flesh closer in color to that of a blood orange; interior is extremely sweet with a hint of grapefruit; few to no seeds; pretty in salads because of its colorful flesh; fully ripe in early December, but very good as early as October. Withstands mild freezes, but protect from temps below approx 22ºF. Grows up to 15' tall.

Marrs

This tree is a small, sweet orange. It has a smooth, moderately thick peel. It is similar to a Navel orange and will bear heavy crops on alternate years. Mostly seedless.

Moro (Blood Orange)

Small to medium fruit with a thin orange rind becoming bright red-blushed at maturity. Flesh is juicy with few seeds and can range from red to pink depending on the number of cool nights. Flavor is rich and distinctive (with hints of berry) at peak maturity. Ripens in December but tastes best in January. Tends to bear heavily in alternate years. Moderately cold hardy. Grows to about 10–12' tall.

Navel N-33

Large with moderately thick, orange rind and a pronounced navel at the blossom end. Rich flavor with nicely balanced sugar and acid. Very juicy and seedless. Moderately easy to peel and separate into segments. Ripens early to mid November and holds well on the tree until end of January. Also may be available on Flying Dragon dwarfing rootstock.

Republic of Texas

First citrus grown in Texas dating back to the 1800's in the Santa Fe area between Houston and Galveston. Heavy producer of medium-sized, round fruit that is highly flavorful, sweet, juicy and only slightly seedy. A great juicing orange. Ripens November to December. Considered the most cold hardy of all oranges. Tree averages 15'T x 15' spread at maturity if left unpruned.

Sanguignelli (Blood Orange)

Pink-fleshed, very sweet orange with a faint vanilla flavor and aroma. Heavy producer of extremely juicy, seedy fruit that ripens between November and February. Eat fresh or use in green or fruit salads. Also great for juicing.

Taracco (Blood Orange)

Largest fruit of the blood oranges; delicious sweet-tart flavor and few to no seeds; excellent for juicing, cooking, or eating fresh off the tree.

Valencia

A late-season orange that normally achieves maturity in late January. It is seedless, of average size and has excellent juice quality.

Valencia Rhode Red

Only type of orange that ripens in summer. Less acidic and juicier than the Valencia; deep orange-colored flesh; harvest between March and June. Delicious juice.

Washington Navel

Produces exceptionally delicious, seedless, easy to peel oranges.

Pummelo

The pummelo is an exotic large citrus fruit that is an ancient ancestor of the common grapefruit. It is the largest of the citrus fruits with a shape that can be fairly round or slightly pointed at one end. They range from cantaloupe size to as large as a 25 pound watermelon and have very thick, soft rind. The skin is green to yellow and slightly bumpy; flesh color ranges from pink to rose. Ripen from Oct–Dec and are quite edible beyond this.

Chandler

Huge, yellow when ripe, thick-skinned fruit can weigh up to 9 pounds! Flavorful, sweet flesh is deep pink in color. Vigorous, spreading shrub/tree. Ripens in November. Moderately cold hardy.

Satsuma

Satsumas are generally cold hardy to the low 20's or upper teens. Best when picked just after orange coloring begins to appear on the skin (don't wait until they are fully orange).

Brown Select

Cold hardy with medium-sized, bright orange fruit. Seedless fruit has an extremely sweet, sprightly flavor. Ripens early to mid-October and into Nov (1–2 weeks before Owari). Fruit holds well on tree until the end of December.

Little Sweetie

A naturally small tree to 4–5' tall with small, juicy, easy-peel, very sweet fruit. Cold hardy to mid-teens.

Miho

Seedless, very sweet fruit that ripens early (mid- to late-fall on or before Thanksgiving). Extremely cold-hardy. Up to 10–12' tall with upright, spreading growth habit.

Okitsu Wase

Juicy, sweet, nearly seedless fruit matures early (begin tasting late August/early Sept). Tree matures to 15–20' tall. On Trifoliate rootstock.

Owari

Very cold hardy with small to medium-sized, bright orange fruit. Fruit has an extremely sweet, sprightly flavor and is seedless. Very easy to peel and breaks off into segments. Ripens mid- to late October. Fruit holds well on tree until late December to early January. Willowy growth habit to 10–12' tall and wide.

Seto

Ripens mid- to late fall (start tasting late Sept to early Oct; may even be ready when still green) holding well until late December; very sweet, almost seedless flesh; smoother and thinner rind than other satsumas; oblong leaves on drooping branches; extremely cold hardy.

Xie Shan

Super early ripening satsuma (October–December) with a unique flavor. Easy-peel, seedless, and very sweet. Tree has a non-weeping growth habit that fits tighter spots or smaller gardens.

Tangelo

Orlando

Grapefruit-tangerine cross; early maturing tangelo noted for its juicy, mild, sweet flavor; flat-round in shape; good color inside and out, very few seeds; ripens Nov–Jan; large tree with large fruit; not very cold hardy.

Tangerine

Algerian

see ‘Clementine’

Dancy

One of the oldest tangerine varieties. Easy-peel rind ripens to a deep reddish color in Dec and Jan. Flesh has a rich flavor and very few seeds. Produces a heavy crop of smaller fruit one year and a smaller crop of larger fruit the next.

Ujukitsu

Orange-lemon cross with unique flavor that will keep you coming back for more; sometimes referred to as "sweet lemonade fruit" but juice and flesh have sweet, orange undertones too; unusual pear-shaped fruit that matures to yellow; quite cold hardy!
Also available on 2-n-1 & 3-n-1 multi-graft tree.