Fruit Tree List, Spring 2019

Terminology

Self-pollenizing means this type of tree can produce fruit without being pollinated by another tree.

Rootstocks allow varieties of trees that wouldn’t normally be able to grow here thrive. A different tree that has a root system better suited to our climate—but that may not produce delicious fruit—is attached at the base of a variety that produces edible and delectable fruit.

Overview

  • Apple

  • Apricots

  • Cherry (sour)

  • Cherry (sweet)

  • Figs

  • Fruit Salad Tree

  • Jujube AKA “Chinese Date”

  • Loquat AKA “Japanese Plum”

  • Mulberry

  • Nectaplum (Nectarine-plum cross)

  • Nectarines

  • Olive

  • Peaches

  • Peach-plum interspecific Peach

  • Pears, Asian

  • Pears

  • Pecans

  • Persimmons

  • Plums

  • Pomegranate


Rootstocks

Calleryana

Appropriate for both sandy & heavy soils. Unpruned tree height is 15–20' but may be held to any desired height by summer pruning. Induces bearing at a young age.

Southern Bartlett pear

Geneva 935

Unpruned height is 40–50% of standard (7–8 ft). Very cold hardy & fire blight resistant. A young bearer of large fruit, this rootstock resists crown rot & root rot while suckering very little.

Dwarf apples

M-111

An excellent all-around rootstock for apples. Tolerates wet, dry or poor soil. Resists woolly apple aphids & collar rot. Induces bearing at a young age. Unpruned tree height is 80–90% of standard, or about 15–25 ft. Trees can be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

  • 2-n-1 apple

  • apples

Citation

Very tolerant of wet soil, but not drought-tolerant (induces early dormancy in dry soil). Very winter hardy. Resists root-knot nematodes. Induces heavy bearing at a young age. Trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

  • Apricots

  • nectaplum

  • Double Delight nectarine

  • Some peaches

  • 2-n-1 plum

  • Dwarf peaches to 8–14 ft

  • Dwarf nectarines to 8–14 ft

  • apricots & plums to 12–18 ft

Mazzard

Trees are vigorous & more tolerant of wet soils (but good drainage is still essential). Unpruned tree height of standard varieties is 30–40' but trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

Cherries

Nemaguard

Vigorous; resistant to root-knot nematodes. An excellent rootstock for well-drained soils. Plant on a mound or berm in slower-draining soils. Unpruned tree height of standard varieties 15–25 ft. Trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

  • Fruit Salad

  • Some nectarines

  • Some peaches

Lovell

Vigorous; more tolerant of wet soils than Nemaguard & more cold hardy. Susceptible to nematodes in sandy soils. Unpruned tree height of standard varieties 15–25 ft. Trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

  • Mini nectarine

  • Tri-Lite interspecific peach-plum

  • Texas A&M peaches & nectarine

Myro-29C

Shallow, but vigorous root system tolerates wet soils, is immune to root-knot nematodes, & has some resistance to oak-root fungus. Widely adapted, excellent all-around rootstock. Unpruned tree height of standard varieties is 15–25 ft. Trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

Plums

OHxF333

European & Asian pears on this rootstock are dwarfed to about 2/3 the size of standard or about 12–18 ft if not pruned. Widely adapted & disease-resistant. Trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

  • Regular pears

  • 2-n-1 Asian Pear

  • Tennosui

Betulaefolia

Tolerant of wet soil, dry soil, alkaline soil. Resists pear decline. Unpruned tree height of Asian pears 15–25 ft; trees may be held to any desired height by summer pruning.

Asian pears



 

Varieties

Apple

2-in-1 Apple

Two varieties of apples grafted onto one rootstock (see apple descriptions below).

3-in-1 Espaliered Apple

Three apple varieties (Anna, Fuji, and Dorsett Golden) grafted onto a single semi-dwarfing rootstock and espaliered on a trellis for planting against a flat surface such as a wall or fence (see apple descriptions below).

Anna

Chill hours 200; self-fruitful; 15–25' tall. Heavy crops of sweet, crisp, flavorful fruit; for eating fresh or cooking; keeps 2 months in refrig; increased yields with another apple as a pollenizer. Also available as a dwarf (Geneva 935 rootstock) with an unpruned mature height of 8–10'. Also available on 2-n-1 apple tree and 3-n-1 espaliered apple tree.

Carnivale

Chill hours 250–300; self-fruitful; 15–25' tall. Rosy red and yellow fruit with firm, crisp flesh and a complex, sweet flavor with tart overtones; a heavy bearer originally from Brazil; good fire blight resistance; performs well in heat and humidity. Has thrived in local Houston test gardens for years.

Dorsett Golden

Chill hours 100; self-fruitful; 15–25' tall. Firm, very flavorful, sweet flesh like Golden Delicious; good early season, sweet apple; increased yield with another apple as a pollenizer. Also available as a dwarf (Geneva 935 rootstock) with an unpruned mature height of 8–10'. Also available on 2-n-1 apple tree and 3-n-1 espaliered apple tree.

Fuji

Chill hours 350–400; self-fruitful; 15–25' tall. Firm, crunchy, juicy, white flesh with excellent flavor; medium size with a lovely reddish-green color; may be considered the finest apple to take southern summer heat; ripens around mid-September. Also available as a dwarf (Geneva 935 rootstock) with an unpruned mature height of 8–10'. Also available on 2-n-1 apple tree and 3-n-1 espaliered apple tree.

Gordon

Chill hours 400; self-fruitful. Large greenish-yellow fruit, blushed red; sweet-tart flavor; crisp, juicy, firm texture excellent for fresh use and cooking; ripens September. Only available on 2-in-1 apple tree.

Apricots

Blenheim (aka Royal)

Chill hours 400 or less; self-fruitful. All-purpose freestone considered to be the most flavorful, best tasting apricot in production; medium to large fruit with yellow skin with orange blush; superb sweet, aromatic flavor; ripens in late June to early July. Only available on Fruit Salad Tree.

Gold Kist

Chill hours 300; self-fruitful; 12–18' tall. Excellent backyard apricot for warm winter climates; tasty freestone; heavy bearing; early harvest (3–4 weeks before Blenheim).

Katy

Chill hours 200–300; self-fruitful; 12–18' tall. Large, all purpose flavorful freestone; a favorite apricot for warm winter climates; early harvest (3–4 weeks before Blenheim).

Royal

See Blenheim above.

Cherry (sour)

English Morello

Chill hours 500 or less; self-fruitful. Late-ripening tart cherry for cooking (sometimes eaten fresh when fully ripe). Small, round-headed tree with drooping branches makes harvesting easy. Introduced to America prior to 1862. Hardy to Zone 4 (below 0°F)

Cherry (sweet)

Kansas Sweet Cherry

Chill hours 500–600. Reaches 8' tall x 6' wide. Heavy producer of sweet red cherries. This rigorous grower is self fertile, good for our climate, and produces fruit in mid-late July. Best in morning sun, amended well drained soil, moderate water in season. Feed in spring and early fall.

Royal Crimson Cherry

Chill hours 200–300; self-fruitful. New variety that produces lots of exceptionally sweet red cherries with firm, crunchy flesh. Harvest early to mid-May.

Figs

Brown Turkey

Medium to large, bell-shaped fruits are purplish-brown with reddish-amber flesh. This small productive tree will produce delicious sweet figs in summer and usually a secondary crop in early fall (longest ripening season of varieties recommended). Excellent for preserves. Larger eye than Celeste.

Celeste

Great for our area; the "sugar fig" of heirloom gardens. Purple-brown skin, pink flesh. Medium-small sized fruit with a rich, sweet flavor. Very cold hardy. Delicious fresh dessert quality and an excellent processing fig, either frozen or as fig preserves. Most cold hardy of all Texas figs. Large, vigorous, and very productive tree. Closed eye. Ripens in mid-June.

Italian Black

A broadly spreading shrub or small tree with a height of 25 feet and similar width. Produces jet black fruit with deep red pulp in two distinct crops, an early crop on old wood and a late summer crop on new wood.

Italian Honey

Yellow fig with sweet amber flesh. Slow-growing and heavy bearing, with chances for two crops per year. Relatively compact, so a great choice for containers.

LSU Gold

Large, light yellow fig with very sweet, red flesh; heavy producer with excellent resistance to splitting; fast-growing tree.

LSU Purple

Heavy producer of medium-sized, purple figs with strawberry pulp and super sweet, delicious flavor. This is another closed eye fig that is perfect for the Houston area. Ripens in early July after Celeste, so you can have an extended fig production. Very cold hardy.

Texas Blue Giant

Heavy producer of medium-sized, purple figs with strawberry pulp and super sweet, delicious flavor. This is another closed eye fig that is perfect for the Houston area. Ripens in early July after Celeste, so you can have an extended fig production. Very cold hardy.

Texas Everbearing

Medium to large, brownish-yellow fig with very sweet, amber flesh. This young bearing, large tree produces an early crop in May with a main crop ripening in late June and continuing to ripen in to August. More upright than Brown Turkey.

Fruit Salad Tree

Three or more different types of fruit trees grafted together onto a single rootstock (may include a combination of 3 or more of any of the following: plum, apricot, nectarine, and/or peach). See info under individual categories of these fruit trees.

Jujube, AKA “Chinese Date”

Virtually disease and pest-free. Pretty silver bark and narrow, upright habit; thorny. Plant where you will be mowing around the tree to control suckers. Fruit doesn't ripen off the tree; it ripens and can be picked over several weeks. Pick and eat in the morning for best flavor. Can be stored at room temp for about a week. Eat fresh, dried, or candied.

Honey Jar

Self-fruitful. Honey Jar has a small, sweet but spicy fruit with a thin skin. Fruits are excellent fresh right from the tree. It is the earliest ripening of the Jujubes. Well adapted to hot or tropical climates, but also very cold hardy. Will reach 20–25' tall x 10–15' wide.

Li

Self-fruitful. Round-shaped fruit; reddish-brown, dry, wrinkled, sweet, and chewy like dates when fully ripe in early fall. Very low chilling requirement. Hardy to Zone 5 (below 0°F)

Loquat, aka “Japanese Plum”

Self-fruitful. Large clusters of attractive fruit stand out against the dark green, tropical-looking foliage. Round or pear-shaped fruits, rarely more than 2 inches long are sweet or slightly acidic in flavor. Loquats are tasty when peeled and eaten fresh, or you can freeze the whole fruit for later use. 25' tall x 10–15' wide.

Read more: Gardening Know How > Loquat Tree Planting > Learning About Growing Loquat Fruit Trees

Mulberry

Pakistan Fruiting

Self-fruitful. Long (2 1/2"–5"), firm, ruby-red to maroon, sweet fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long, early summer harvest. Used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree. Usually grows 15–20' tall.

White Fruiting (Morus alba)

Self-fruitful. Medium-sized sweet, white fruit shaped like blackberries. Grows at a moderate rate to 20–60' tall depending on soil quality and depth. Grows larger and faster with regular irrigation. Drought-tolerant, once established.

Nectaplum (Nectarine-plum cross)

Spice Zee

Chill hours 200–300; self-fruitful. White-fleshed fruit; skin ripens from dark maroon to pale pink; unparalleled spicy sweet flavor with recognizable plum and nectarine traits; stunning purplish-pink spring blooms followed by red new foliage that matures a lush green; very productive.

Nectarines

Double Delight

Chill hours 300; self-fruitful. Consistently one of the best flavored yellow-fleshed nectarines. Freestone fruit with dark-red skin and a sweet, unusually rich flavor. Heavy bearing. Gorgeous double pink flowers. Harvest in July (mid-season).

Fantasia

Chill hours 500 or less; self-fruitful. Popular, large, yellow-fleshed freestone. Early harvest fruit are firm-ripe and tangy; later harvest is sweet, with rich flavor; high-scoring in taste tests. Ripens late July or early August. Only available on our Fruit Salad Tree.

Necta Zee, Miniature

Chill hours 400 or less; self-fruitful. Delicious yellow-fleshed freestone fruit on a tree that reaches only 5–6' tall; large, red-skinned fruit with a rich, tangy nectarine flavor; branches covered with bright pink blossoms in the spring.

Panamint

Chill hours 250; self-fruitful. Intensely-flavored, red-skinned yellow freestone peach with a nice acid-sugar balance. Ripens late July or early August.

Snow Queen

Chill hours 250–300; self-fruitful. Taste test winner; sweet, juicy, early season, white-fleshed freestone. Harvest around late May.

Olive

Grow best in full sun in nutrient-poor, very well-drained soil. Trees are relatively pest- and disease-free. Easier to harvest if kept pruned as a large shrub. Fruit ripens in mid-fall and must be processed before eating or using for oil.

Arbequina

Self-fertile (but yields increase when paired with another olive). Spanish; small, green fruit with a very small pit; aromatic and fruity flavor low in bitterness; usually bears fruit in 2 yrs with full production in 5. Prized for its mild oil; makes an excellent base oil for blending. Cold-hardy; fairly disease-resistant and pest-tolerant given space for airflow to reduce foliar disease. Approx 15' tall with spreading, somewhat weeping canopy.

Manzanillo

Pollenized by Arbequina. Spanish; high yields of early ripening, medium to large olives with excellent taste and texture; olives ripen from light green to black; process before fully ripe to retain flesh firmness; best table variety; freestone-seed is easy to remove from flesh; can be processed for oil too.

Peaches

All peaches are self-fruitful.

2-n-1 Peaches

Two or more peach varieties grafted onto a single root stock (see peach descriptions below).

August Pride

Chill hours-less than 300; self-fruitful. Large, all-purpose, freestone with sweet, aromatic, rich flavor (one of the best); ripens 3–4 weeks after Mid Pride. Also available on 2-n-1 peach tree.

Babcock White

Chill hours 250–300; self-fruitful. Long-time favorite, white-fleshed freestone. Sweet and juicy. High scoring in taste tests. Ripens mid-July. Widely adapted (low chill requirement yet not early blooming). Only available on our Fruit Salad tree.

Bonanza Miniature

Chill hours 250 or less; self-fruitful. Popular yellow freestone; large fruit is sweet with a mild, refreshing flavor on a genetically dwarf 5–6' tall tree; works well in containers; ripens in early June.

Eva’s Pride

Chill hours 100–200; self-fruitful. Medium to large size delicious, yellow freestone peach. Harvest 3 weeks before July Elberta and midway between MayPride and MidPride. Also available on 2-n-1 peach tree.

July (Kim) Elberta

Chill hours 400–500; self-fruitful. Also called Early Alberta. Reliable heavy crops. Juicy, sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone fruit for canning, freezing, or fresh use. Only available on Fruit Salad Tree.

June Pride

Chill hours 500; self-fruitful. Excellent early, freestone peach with intensely-flavored yellow flesh. Some consider this the best-flavored peach for its season. Only available on 2-n-1 peach tree.

May Pride

Chill hours 150–200; self-fruitful. Very early-ripening peach for warm winter climates. Ripens in May before Plum Curculio gets to the fruit. Delicious, sweet and tangy, semi-freestone when fully ripe. Very large for such an early peach. Large, showy pink blossoms. Only available on 2-n-1 peach tree.

Mid Pride

Chill hours 250; self-fruitful. Best yellow freestone for warm winter climates. Exceptional flavor and dessert quality. Mid-season. Also available on 2-n-1 peach tree.

Peachy Keen

Chill hours 150; self-fruitful. Medium to large fruit, mostly red skin. Firm, tasty, yellow freestone flesh, red at the pit. Showy bloom is very early.

Red Baron

Chill hours 250; self-fruitful. Delicious, 3" diameter, red freestone fruits ripen over an extended period from mid-July to mid-August. Popular also for its large double red blossoms that cover the tree for several weeks in early spring.

Sam Houston

Chill hours 500 or less; self-fruitful. Recommended as far south as Laredo. Large yellow freestone with red colorings. Excellent for Central and South Texas. Ripens in June.

Tropic Snow White

Chill hours 150–200; self-fruitful. Delicious white-fleshed freestone with red-blushed, pale yellow skin. Superb flavor (rated 10 out of 10 in taste tests). Harvest begins in May before Plum Curculio gets to the fruit. Showy blossoms.

Peach-Plum Interspecific Peach

Tri-Lite

Chill hours 200; self-fruitful. White flesh peach-plum cross. Mild, white peach flavor with wonderful plum aftertaste. Can be eaten firm. Clingstone. Excellent for canning.

Pears, Asian

Nice landscape trees for shade; beautiful white flowers in spring; don't fertilize with nitrogen (encourages fast growth and fire blight).

2-n-1 Asian Pear

Two or more Asian pear varieties grafted onto a single root stock (see Asian pear descriptions below).

Chojuro

Chill hours 450; pollenized by Hosui or other. Fruit is crisp like an apple with russeted, golden-brown skin. Harvest early to late August. Only available on 2-n-1 Asian Pear.

Hosui

Chill hours 300–400; pollenized by Chojuro, Southern Bartlett, or 20th Century. Consistently rated one of the best tasting Asian pears. Large, juicy, sweet, refreshingly crisp fruit with brownish-orange, russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August. Only available on 2-n-1 Asian Pear.

Shinseiki Asian

Chill hours 250–300; self-fruitful. Bright yellow-skinned fruit is juicy, sweet, refreshing, and crisp like an apple and keeps well after harvest. Heavy bearing (usually by the 2nd year), vigorous tree. Harvest late July or early August. Also available on 2-n-1 Asian Pear.

Tennosui

Chill hours 150–450; self-fruitful. Assumed to be a chance cross of Tennessee pear and Hosui pear. Crisp, bell-shaped fruit matures late July to Early August and is very productive. Cut fruit remains crisp and tasty and is slow to oxidize. Shows resistance to fire blight.

20th Century Asian

Chill hours 300–400; self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Southern Bartlett, or other. Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like an apple. Easy to grow, heavy-bearing small tree. Ripens early to mid-August. Also available on 2-n-1 Asian Pear.

Pears

Nice landscape trees for shade; beautiful white flowers in spring; don't fertilize with nitrogen (encourages fast growth and fire blight).

Southern Bartlett

Chill hours 300–400; self-fruitful or pollenized by Acres Home or other. Variety was discovered on an old Louisiana homestead and is thought to be a chance sport of Bartlett. Tree tends to grow in a spreading pattern. Moderate resistance to fire blight. Ripens early to mid August. Bears in 4–5 years.

Southern King

Chill hours <400; self-fruitful. A high quality traditional pear of unknown parentage popular in Houston and other low-chill areas. Fire-blight resistant. Good for fresh eating or canning.

Pecans

Many pecan trees are not self-pollenizing. For best production, plant within 1/4 mile of other pecans (this shouldn't be a problem in our area).

Caddo

Prolific producer of football-shaped, medium-sized nuts with thin shells and excellent cracking qualities. Moderate scab resistance. 60 nuts/lb; 56% kernel

Candy

Extremely attractive tree for the landscape with a lush, full canopy and a strong framework. Starts producing profusely at an earlier age than other pecans (4–5 years) but may tend to alternate bear as an older tree. Nuts are small but have excellent flavor and oil content. Good to excellent scab and aphid resistance. 78 nuts/lb; 45% kernel

Choctaw

One of the best pecans to grow as a yard tree because of its beautiful foliage and scab resistance. Produces high yields of large, high-quality pecans with thin hulls and high oil content. Bears in late October. Plant in deep, well-draining soil for best growth. Well-adapted to the Houston area. 38–45 nuts/lb; 59% kernel

Desirable

Self-pollenizing. Outstanding variety for humid areas like ours. The most reliably regular producer of crops of high quality pecans (although not an exceptionally heavy bearer). Fast grower with moderate scab resistance. 39 nut/lb; 54% kernel

Elliott

A baker's favorite for its excellent cracking characteristics and outstanding flavor. Produces small, round nuts with thick shells. Bears in 6–8 years. Excellent scab resistance and moderate resistance to aphids. 67 nuts/lb; 53% kernel

Pawnee

Partially self-pollenizing. Very large, high quality nuts with thin hulls that are easy to crack. One of the heaviest producers as a mature tree but may tend to alternate bear some years. Extremely early ripening (mid-September). A great yard tree that isn't fussy about soil and has a natural resistance to aphids. A smaller pecan that matures at 30't x 15–25'w. 40–56 lb; 54% kernel

Sumner

Early bearer (5–6 years) of medium to large nuts with good quality kernel. Excellent scab resistance makes this a great yard tree. Suitable for close space planting.

Persimmons

Very pretty trees with stunning fall foliage.

Fuyu

Chill hours 200; self-fruitful; non-astringent. The most popular fresh eating Japanese persimmon in the world. This large, round, flattened fruit has reddish-orange skin when ripe. The tree bears at a young age and is a heavy producer. The fruit is seedless and is excellent for fresh eating or cooking. The Fuyu ripens in November and is as sweet and crisp as an apple.

Plums

2-n-1

Two or more different plum varieties grafted onto a single rootstock (see plum descriptions below).

Beauty

Chill hours 250; self-fruitful. Sweet, flavorful plum that is productive even in coastal climates. Red-over-yellow skin, amber flesh streaked with red. Ripens in June. Also available on 2-n-1 plum tree.

Burgundy

Chill hours 300; self-fruitful. Maroon-colored skin and semi-freestone flesh; mild, sweet flavor with little or no tartness; high taste test scores; prolonged harvest from approx mid-July to mid-Aug; very productive; narrow, upright habit. Only available on 2-n-1 plum tree.

Golden Nectar

Chill hours 400 or less; self-fruitful. Popular yellow dessert plum; large, oblong fruit with waxy, thin, amber skin; amber flesh is firm, sweet, and flavorful; very small pit; harvest in Aug. Only available on 2-n-1 plum tree.

Mariposa

Chill hours 250; pollenized by Beauty or Santa Rosa. Large, red-fleshed, sweet, juicy, firm, delicious. Small pit, nearly freestone. Mottled maroon over green skin. Use fresh or cooked. Harvest in August.

Methley

Chill hours 250. Self-fruitful and serves as a good pollenizer for early bearing varieties. Produces heavy crops of juicy, sweet, red-purple fruit that ripens from late May to early June. Also available on 2-n-1 plum tree.

Santa Rosa

Chill hours 400; self-fruitful. Large purplish-red fruit has firm flesh and pleasing sweet-tart flavor. Ripens in mid-June. Also available on 2-n-1 plum tree and Fruit Salad Tree.

Pomegranate

Garnet Sash

Heavy producer; slightly dwarf tree/shrub; sweet-tart juice.

Kandahar Early

Very old variety; bright red skin and seeds; sweet flavor with just a touch of tartness; ripens in September; considered one of the best Old World varieties.

Parfianka

Large red fruit with red arils containing very small edible seeds. Dependably sets a heavy crop. Consistently received highest praise for overall flavor. Ripens in September.